There are four different types of DNA testing available to the general public today. What you want to learn determines which test to take.
1. Y-DNA: Males only can test their paternal line -- father to his father to his father... to his fatrher. This is the first test for genealogy and all males, especially the oldest in a line, should have at least 37 markers tested. There are surname projects at FTDNA for you to join in order to make best use of these tests and to join others with the same or similar surnames in learning about common ancestors. You also learn on which limb of the tree of mankind you fit.
2. mtDNA: Both males and females can test their maternal line -- mother to her mother to her mother... to her mother. The HVR1 test determines the maternal line haplogroup; HVR2 cab help you find others who may share a common maternal ancestor many hundreds or thousands of years ago; FGS (also known as Mega or mt Full Sequence) can help you find more recent cousins in that line. With any of these tests, you learn a little about your deep maternal ancestry.
3. atDNA: Both males and females use the Family Finder test to find cousins who are related up to about the 5th degree. These autosomal tests rely upon how much actual DNA you and your relatives have inherited from a common ancestor as a result of the random inheritance that occurs in each generation. (We inherit approximately one-half from each parent, 1/4 from each grandparent, 1/8 from each great grandparent, etc.) atDNA tests are also offered by 23andMe and Ancestry.com with some differences.
4. Geno 2.0: While not offered by FTDNA directly, this test is sold by the National Geographic as an advanced test to determine geographic origins. (It was developed by FTDNA scientists in conjunction with the National Geographic/Genographic project and tests are run in the FTDNA labs.)
Note that orders must be placed and paid for by December 31st to obtain the prices shown below:
|To order this special offer, log in to your personal page and click on the Order An Upgrade button in the upper right corner. A link to the login page is provided below. ALL ORDERS MUST BE PLACED AND PAID FOR BY MONDAY, DECEMBER 31, 2012 11:59:00 PM CST TO RECEIVE THE SALE PRICES.|
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